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zoom RSS 藤原正彦先生御推薦の数学者の伝記・評伝・自伝本

<<   作成日時 : 2007/09/01 20:45   >>

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 ご著書「古風堂々数学者」の「美しくなければ数学ではない」の章から拾ってみよう。

1 近世数学史談 (高木貞治 岩波文庫)
(松岡正剛氏による書評)
2 ヒルベルト (リード著 岩波書店)
3 クーラント (リード著 岩波書店)
4ソーニャ・コワレフスカヤ 
 (ソーニャ・コヴァレフスカヤ、アン・シャロット・エドグレン・レフラー 岩波文庫)
5 ある数学者の生涯と弁明 (ハーディ、スノー シュプリンガー・フェアラーク)
6 アンドレ・ヴェィユ自伝 (シュプリンガー・フェアラーク)
7 春宵十話 (岡潔 光文社文庫)
8 怠け数学者の記 (小平邦彦 岩波現代文庫)

 1は伝記と同時に「数学」についても詳しい。詳細はリンク先の松岡正剛さんの書評を参考にされたい。2の著者の姉、ジュリア・ロビンソンは数理論理学者(アメリカ)で、ヒルベルト第10問題の解決に寄与している有名な数学者でもある。4は先生ご自身が「天才の栄光と挫折」にも書かれているロシアの数学者(女性)だ。5も「天才の栄光と挫折」の「ラマヌジャン」のところで、ラマヌジャンをイギリスへ招請した数学者として登場する。6も同じく「天才の栄光と挫折」の中の「ワイルズ」の本の中で登場している(と思った)。7は自伝的「随筆」である。日本的美的感性による数学問題解決として先生がふれられている。8は、日本人として初のフィールズ賞を受賞した数学者で先生の結婚式の仲人をされたそうだ。

 今回は1の「近世数学史談」の「ガウス」の章について少しふれてみる。まずこの本は、著者高木氏による参考文献が書かれていない。どこかで19世紀の数学(クライン シュプリンガー)が種本と読んだことがあるが、それによればオリジナルよりこちらが面白いとのことであった。

 P.17にガウスの正17角形の作図問題解決の経緯があり、この発見によりガウスが数学者になる決心をしたとある。この説の起源でるが、W.K.Buhler の「GAUSS Biographical Study」のChapter1に、Zimmermannと言う人が雑誌「Intellegenzblatt der allgemeinen Litteraturzeitung」に発表したとあった。より正確にはガウスは Classical languages の研究者より数学者を選んだ、とある。ガウスは語学においても非常に優秀であったようだ。もう一つガウスの有名な伝記にダニングトン(東京図書)によるものがあるが、こちらにはこのことについて明示的には書かれていないようだ。岩波数学辞典第4版には、H.Wussing による伝記(第5版)が挙げられているが現在品切れのようだ。
 
 以前も書いたが高木貞治氏の伝記はまだないようだ。何せ、岩波数学辞典に写真が載っている世界8大数学者の1人だから。

ガウスといえば、Disquisitiones Arithmeticae が有名であるが、最近シュプリンガーから
こんな本が出ている。

The Shaping of Arithmetic - After C.F. Gauss's Disquisitiones Arithmeticae
(EDIORS: Catherine Goldstein、Norbert Schappacher、 Joachim Schwermer

  ドイツ Oberwolfach 数学研究所での研究集会の成果をまとめたものであるが、D.A は現在もなお影響与え続けているすごい本だ。この本を見るとヨーロッパの数学者の層の厚みを感ずる。私の知る限り日本語の書評や紹介ままだないようだ。時間があったら紹介したい。

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